From Linen to Lace: A Guide to Different Types of Fabric for Sewing and Crafting Projects

Explore the world of fabrics

When it comes to sewing and crafting projects, choosing the right fabric is crucial. The type of fabric you select can greatly impact the final outcome of your project, whether it's a beautiful dress, an upholstered piece of furniture, or elegant curtains. In this guide, we will explore the world of fabrics, discussing the best options for sewing and crafting.

EDURA, a renowned fabric supplier in South Africa, offers a wide range of high-quality fabrics suitable for various purposes perfect for upholstery, curtains and clothing.

Types of Fabrics Used in Sewing Projects and Crafts

Fabrics can be broadly categorized into natural, synthetic, blended, and specialty fabrics. Each category offers unique characteristics and is suitable for specific sewing projects and crafts.

Natural Fabrics:

Natural fabrics are derived from natural sources such as plants and animals. They are breathable, comfortable, and often have a luxurious feel. Natural fabrics include:

  • Linen Fabric: Linen fabric is lightweight, breathable, and perfect for summer garments. It has a slightly textured appearance and is known for its durability.
  • Lace Fabric: Lace is an intricate fabric characterised by delicate patterns and openwork designs. It can be made from various fibres, including cotton, silk, or synthetic materials. Lace fabric is commonly used for elegant dresses, lingerie, and decorative accents.
  • Silk Satin Fabric: Silk satin is a smooth and shiny fabric with a luxurious drape. It is made from silk fibres and is often used for high-end garments, bridal wear, and formal attire.

Synthetic Fabrics

Synthetic fabrics are man-made materials created through chemical processes. They offer durability, versatility, and are often more affordable than natural fabrics. A great example of a synthetic fabric is satin fabric. Satin is a smooth and lustrous fabric created from synthetic fibres such as polyester or nylon. It has a glossy finish and is commonly used for evening wear, lingerie, and decorative purposes.

Blended Fabrics

Blended fabrics are a combination of natural and synthetic fibres. They often combine the best properties of both types of materials. An example of this would be cotton-polyester blends which combine the breathability of cotton with the wrinkle resistance and durability of polyester. It is frequently used for casual wear, bedding, and home decor items.

Specialty Fabrics

Specialty fabrics are designed for specific purposes and often have unique properties. For example:

Upholstery fabric:

Designed to withstand heavy use and is used for covering furniture. It is typically durable, stain-resistant, and available in a wide range of patterns and textures. It boasts several key features and characteristics such as: 

  • Durability: Upholstery fabric is crafted to endure frequent sitting, lounging, and other activities that furniture typically experiences. Its tight weave and heavy-duty materials ensure it can withstand wear and tear over time.
  • Stain-Resistance: Upholstery fabric is often treated with stain-resistant coatings or finishes, making it easier to clean and maintain.
  • Patterns and Textures: With a vast range of patterns, colours, and textures available, upholstery fabric allows you to find the perfect match for your furniture and interior decor. Solid colours, floral prints, geometric designs, and textured finishes offer numerous options to suit your style.
  • Weight and Thickness: Upholstery fabric tends to be heavier and thicker than fabrics used in sewing and crafting. Its added weight provides durability and helps the fabric withstand stretching and pulling. The thickness contributes to its ability to resist punctures and tears.
  • Upholstery-Specific Features: Some upholstery fabrics may offer additional features or treatments to enhance their performance. For instance, certain fabrics may be fire-resistant or possess antimicrobial properties for safety and cleanliness.

Curtain fabric:

Specifically designed for making curtains and drapes. It comes in various weights and opacities, allowing you to create the desired level of privacy and light control. When purchasing curtain fabric, keep in mind: 

  • Weight and Opacity: Curtain fabric comes in various weights and opacities, allowing you to achieve the desired level of privacy and light control in your space. Lighter-weight fabrics such as sheer or semi-sheer materials allow more natural light to pass through while providing a level of privacy. Heavier-weight fabrics, on the other hand, offer more light-blocking capabilities and can create a darker environment when needed.
  • Versatility: Curtain fabric is available in a wide range of colours, patterns, and textures, providing versatility in design options. Whether you prefer solid colours, intricate patterns, or textured finishes, curtain fabric offers numerous possibilities to enhance the aesthetics of your windows and complement your overall interior decor.
  • Maintenance: Curtain fabric is typically designed to be easy to care for. Many curtain fabrics are machine washable or can be easily spot cleaned, allowing for convenient maintenance and keeping your curtains looking fresh and clean.

Dress fabric: 

  • Cotton: Cotton is a popular choice for dress fabric due to its comfort, breathability, and versatility. It is a natural fibre that allows air circulation, making it suitable for warm weather or casual dress styles. Cotton fabrics come in various weights and finishes, ranging from lightweight voile and lawn to heavier denim and canvas, offering options for different dress designs. 
  • Silk: Silk is a luxurious fabric known for its smooth texture, natural sheen, and draping qualities. It is a natural fibre that can add elegance and sophistication to any dress. Silk is often chosen for formal dresses or special occasions due to its lustrous appearance. 
  • Satin: Satin fabric is known for its glossy surface and drape. It is usually made from silk, polyester, or a blend of fibres. Satin is commonly used for creating dresses with a smooth and luxurious finish, perfect for evening wear, prom dresses, or formal gowns. 
  • Lace: Lace fabric is a delicate and intricate material made by weaving or knitting threads together in an open pattern. It is commonly used as an overlay or embellishment for dresses, adding a feminine and romantic touch. Lace dresses are versatile and can be suitable for various occasions, from casual to formal events. 

Fabrics offered at EDURA

EDURA, a reputable fabric supplier in South Africa, offers an extensive collection of fabrics ranging from upholstery to curtains and dress fabrics. 


EDURA provides a range of upholstery fabrics, including durable blends and specialty fabrics designed to withstand frequent use. We offer fabrics in different patterns, colours, and textures to suit any interior style enabling you to find the perfect fabric to revitalise your furniture and create a welcoming and stylish living space. 


EDURA offers a diverse selection of curtain fabrics, allowing you to find the perfect material for your window treatments. From sheer fabrics to blackout options, our collection caters to different preferences and needs. 

Dress fabric 

Whether you're looking for elegant lace, luxurious silk satin, or comfortable cotton for your dressmaking projects, EDURA has you covered. Our dress fabric collection offers a wide range of options to inspire your creativity. 


Choosing the right fabric is essential for successful sewing and crafting projects. Natural, synthetic, blended, and specialty fabrics each have their unique characteristics and best uses. Edura, a reputable fabric supplier in South Africa, offers a wide range of fabrics suitable for upholstery, curtains, and dressmaking. By considering the qualities and intended purpose of the fabric, you can ensure your projects turn out beautifully.

Visit Edura Fabrics to view our range of fabric options to suit all sewing and crafting needs.

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